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Lampung Language One Language That Will Extinct



Lampung Language One Language That Will Extinct

Indonesia is a multicultural country, a country that has a variety of ethnicities, religions, races, cultures and languages. Along with the development of the era and era of globalization, diversity is now threatened. The diversity that is the main focus, especially in the area of ​​Lampung Province is the diversity of regional languages ​​that are increasingly abandoned and almost extinct. The diversity that exists in the city of Bandar Lampung causes Lampung regional languages ​​to experience a shift. Shifting and maintaining regional languages ​​according to Sumarsono (2011) are two sides of a coin. This phenomenon is two phenomena that occur together. Language shifts other languages ​​or languages ​​that are not displaced by other languages, displaced languages ​​are languages ​​that are unable to defend themselves. This condition occurs when a community (language community) chooses to use or abandon the use of a language. The choice of one of these conditions occurs over a long period of time.




This time span can reach more than two or three generations. Fasold (in Lukman: 2000) revealed that the shift and maintenance of language is like two sides of a coin that cannot be separated from one another. He is a collective result of language choice (language choice). In maintaining language, the community collectively determines to continue using language that is commonly used. When a society chooses a new language in the realm of the old language, at that time there is a possibility of a process of language shift. Regional languages ​​in Indonesia number more than 700 of a total of around 6000 languages ​​spread throughout the world. For the number of regional languages ​​in Indonesia, there are researchers who say the number of local languages ​​in the country is 706, some say the number of regional languages ​​is 720 languages ​​and even data from SIL (Summer Institute of Linguistics) shows the number of 735 regional languages ​​spread (see Macaryus in Mulyana, 2008: 123-124). From the number of languages, it can be grouped into two broad categories namely strong regional languages ​​and relatively weak regional languages. A strong language is a language that is considered to be able to survive in a long period of time. While a weak language is a local language that is vulnerable to problems that are worrying, can be grouped into two broad categories namely strong regional languages ​​and relatively weak regional languages. A strong language is a language that is considered to be able to survive in a long period of time. While a weak language is a local language that is vulnerable to problems that are worrying, can be grouped into two broad categories namely strong regional languages ​​and relatively weak regional languages. A strong language is a language that is considered to be able to survive in a long period of time. While a weak language is a local language that is vulnerable to problems that are worrying,


85 namely extinction or death. The strength of a language can be seen from the number of speakers who are still actively using the language above 100,000 people. While languages ​​with a number of speakers under 100,000 are classified as weak languages ​​and are threatened with death or extinction. When viewed from the number of speakers, the languages ​​that are very strong are Javanese, Sundanese and Madurese. These languages ​​are considered strong or healthy and will be able to survive in a relatively long time. Although Javanese speakers, for example, with most speakers of all regional languages ​​in Indonesia do not make language transference, so when there is a change of generations, this language is also not free from extinction. Lampung is a regional language and is the mother tongue for people in Lampung Province. Lampung language is divided into 2 namely Pepadun and Saibatin. Difference in Lampung Language in geographical location. Lampung Language with Nyow (Pepadun) dialect is a language used by the people of Lampung in non-coastal areas.




The Lampung dialect of Fire Language (Saibatin) is the language used by coastal communities. Thus Lampung Language is the regional language spoken by Ulun Lampung and also the identity of Lampung Province. Lampung Province is one of the provinces in Indonesia which is very strategically located. Its location at the southern tip of the island of Sumatra, making Lampung the only gateway for those who want to enter the island of Sumatra. That is one of the factors that makes Lampung busy being visited by migrants from various tribes. Compounding the composition of the people in Lampung, it does not have an impact on the survival of the indigenous people of Lampung itself. Especially in the city of Bandar Lampung, one of the impacts is the waning use of native languages ​​of Lampung in this city. The diminishing number of Lampung language speakers in the city of Bandar Lampung could lead to the extinction of the Lampung language as an identity and characteristic of the Lampung area later on. Lampung Language as one of the regional languages ​​spoken in Lampung Province especially in Bandar Lampung City also experiences problems related to language shifts that lead to language death. This can be seen from the lower level of use of this language in communication between speakers. Lampung Language as one of the regional languages ​​spoken in Lampung Province especially in Bandar Lampung City also experiences problems related to language shifts that lead to language death. This can be seen from the lower level of use of this language in communication between speakers. Lampung Language as one of the regional languages ​​spoken in Lampung Province especially in Bandar Lampung City also experiences problems related to language shifts that lead to language death. This can be seen from the lower level of use of this language in communication between speakers.
86 Lampung Language is a communication tool of the Lampung people but in fact Lampung Language is rarely used, especially for teenagers. Most only know Lampung language without being able to speak it.




The Lampung tribe uses the Lampung language only in communication in family circles, fellow Lampung tribes, and at traditional ceremonies. In communicating with migrants, the Lampung tribe uses Indonesian. This relates to the decreasing use of Lampung Language, with the heterogeneity of tribes and amalgamation has narrowed the scope of the development of Lampung Language itself. The strategic location of Lampung province makes the flow of arrivals and the level of interaction of people with different language backgrounds very high. This situation increasingly requires each individual to use an introductory language that can be understood by all people with different language backgrounds in order to achieve good communication goals. The language that can be used by all people with different language backgrounds is Indonesian. The high intensity of the use of the Indonesian language makes this language a predatory language for regional languages ​​in the province of Lampung, especially in the city of Bandar Lampung. The Indonesian language has mastered all aspects of communication not only for speakers of different mother tongues, but communication between members of the Lampung ethnic group (speakers of Lampung language) has also used Indonesian, especially in the realm of the family which is the basis for detention. In other words, there has been a language shift from Lampung to Indonesian. So that Lampung language speakers have become multi-language speakers with very low levels of language use in Lampung (language
attrition) along with the domain of communication that has been dominated by Indonesian.

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Source: https://www.centralkasus.com/2020/02/bahasa-lampung-salah-satu-bahasa-yang.html?m=1e