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Use of Bamboo as a Building Material

Navigasi - Bamboo is one of the plants that thrives in Africa and Asia, including our country, Indonesia. Bamboo plants have 20 species of bamboo, 16 species are found in Asia and 4 species are found in Africa.

Use of Bamboo as a Building Material
Use of Bamboo as a Building Material


Bamboo is a kind of hollow weed plant with a hard stem texture where each shoot grows near the stem just like a banana plant plus bamboo is a plant that grows very fast to harvest bamboo stems it only takes 3 years

This makes bamboo plants can be used as an alternative for making furniture because the amount of wood is increasingly scarce to get what else the Indonesian people, especially the Sundanese have been using wood plants for various purposes for furniture, buildings, musical instruments and consumption for hundreds of years.

Utilization of Bamboo Plants


Actually, the bamboo plant is one of the plants that we can use every part of, including the following:

Uses of Bamboo Leaves


Bamboo leaves themselves are rarely used by most people, but in some areas bamboo leaves are used as herbal medicine or more precisely, tea which is believed to treat diabetes or reduce sugar levels in the body, this is because the fiber content in bamboo leaves is very high.

But what is certain is that bamboo leaves are used by most people for feeding panda animals in zoos as we know bamboo leaves and bamboo twigs are very fond of pandas.

Bamboo shoots


Bamboo shoots or what we often call bamboo shoots are one of the ingredients for making vegetables that are favored by Asian people such as China, Korea, Japan, Thailand, Malaysia, and Indonesia is no exception.

In Indonesia itself, we often encounter vegetables made from bamboo shoots (bamboo shoots) when we buy vegetable lontong, usually the vegetables in the lontong are often added with bamboo shoots which add to our appetite, the texture is crunchy and a little chewy, like eating the tops of coconut stalks or kaffir limes when in place. i said mah.

Bamboo root


Bamboo roots are rarely used by people, but in some areas bamboo roots are often used for making carvings as a substitute for wood.

The results of carvings from wood are very strong and also have high artistic value, not infrequently the price is very expensive, if it has become a beautiful carving, I can guarantee that you will not regret buying the carving.

Bamboo sticks


Bamboo stems are commonly used by our society for the manufacture of furniture and even building frames and television antennas.

In Banten and West Java you will easily find buildings or furniture made of bamboo which looks more exotic as well as buildings made of bamboo, one of the buildings that is resistant to shocks (earthquakes) this can be your consideration if you want to build a house or building. the area is prone to earthquakes.

Bamboo stems also in several plywood companies have tried to use bamboo into plywood (plywood / plywood), one of which is PT. SGS which they make plywood from bamboo.

The plywood is very strong, you can't use nails to shape it, but using bolts and drills to make it furniture or building materials, the quality can be guaranteed to be almost the same or even better than solid wood.

Disadvantages and advantages of bamboo


From the description above, we can conclude that every part of the bamboo plant can be processed and utilized into various products that are beneficial to humans, apart from that as an alternative material to replace wood which is increasingly difficult for us to obtain.

The advantages of bamboo for furniture


Therefore, we will review how the advantages and disadvantages of bamboo if it is made into the basic material for making furniture as we have summarized as follows:

Easy to get


Bamboo plants are easier to obtain when compared to wood, this is not surprising because the time to harvest bamboo stalks is very short, which is around 3 to 5 years to get quality bamboo stems.

In another sense, bamboo is more environmentally friendly when compared to wood which takes decades to be harvested and restores forest ecosystems which are slowly being eroded by illegal logging.

More flexible and easy to shape


As we know the flexible texture of bamboo makes it easy to shape for building models that require extreme curvature, this is also what makes bamboo one of the earthquake-resistant building materials.

Besides that, bamboo is also strong to withstand a fairly heavy load, no wonder some craftsmen, especially in the area, make various furniture or furniture such as chairs, tables, cabinets and so on made of bamboo.

Easy to move


The light weight of bamboo makes it easy to move, unlike other materials where the weight is very heavy, sometimes it is difficult for us to move it and requires several people to lift it.

Unlike the case with light bamboo, one person can move it, not having to call someone else to move it.

It looks more artsy and exotic


Buildings and furniture made of bamboo look more artistic or artistic and look very exotic.

If your furniture is made of bamboo, you can be sure that it can make your interior decoration look exotic and artistic, and it will be much more beautiful.

Lack of bamboo for furniture


We have discussed the advantages above, so now we will review the disadvantages as well, which we have summarized the various disadvantages of bamboo for furniture as follows:

Need a special technique to process it


Although bamboo is easy to shape due to its flexible texture, bamboo stems also have special difficulties in connecting them.

Because to connect the bamboo parts, you usually use ties or use pegs which require a qualified ability because if you use nails, the bonds are less strong or easily separated from the connection.

Easy to rot and burn


As we know that bamboo is a hollow plant, this makes it not strong enough to be exposed to water or fire, so it is not recommended to make furniture that will be placed outdoors, it will rot easily.

In addition, bamboo is hollow so that each side becomes thin, making materials made of bamboo very easy to burn, unlike wood which still takes a long time to burn out.

Not strong fungus and termites


Furniture made from bamboo is very easy to get fungus and eat by termites.

For now, we can handle things like fungi and termites because there are many drugs to treat fungi and termites.

Higher maintenance costs


From the above, we already know that furniture made of bamboo has many enemies, such as termites, fungi, water and fire.

So that the treatment requires more costs such as termite drugs, mushrooms and wood preservatives, this causes the maintenance costs to be quite high even though we are a little light in purchasing the basic material (bamboo).

Use of Bamboo as a Building Material


The use of bamboo in building materials can be applied in several ways, the advantage of bamboo for building houses is that it is resistant to earthquake disasters because it has a light and elastic structure, besides that bamboo can also be formed with various woven motifs or patterns according to the architectural beauty value to be displayed. below are some of the needs that may be carried out by using bamboo as a material.

  1. Used as formwork or reinforcement in the molding process of reinforced concrete structures according to the shape and size of the plan.
  2. Bamboo can be used as a house pole, in a bamboo house you can choose a type that is strong enough and old enough to get a strong and durable house column structure. As a house wall which can also be referred to as a gedeg, the shape is in the form of woven leather or bamboo flesh that has been sliced ​​and mashed.
  3. The use on the floor of the building can be done by splitting the bamboo or directly intact and then arranged in such a way that it forms a strong floor to withstand the activities of the load on it.
  4. The roof truss structure can also use bamboo building materials, for example in the manufacture of bamboo truss, bamboo battens, bamboo ribs and other parts so as to form a solid roof truss unit.
  5. Can be made as furniture such as bamboo chairs or tables so that the atmosphere of the house seems natural and natural.
  6. As a pole that is plugged in so that the plants in the yard of the house can stand upright.
  7. As a house fence by splitting the bamboo and then connecting it using a nail connector to form a strong and beautiful bamboo fence.
  8. The door of the house can also be made of bamboo material, this is mostly done in rural homes, but along with the development of community trends, it turns out that there are many cafes and restaurants in big cities who want to give a hometown atmosphere so they build shops with bamboo building materials.
  9. For the ceiling, it is used as a frame as well as a ceiling covering using woven bamboo sheets.

And various other uses of bamboo according to your needs, congratulations on being creative using bamboo as a beautiful, cheap and strong building material.

That's our review this time about the advantages and disadvantages of bamboo for furniture, hopefully it will be useful for you, thank you for visiting.