27 Kinds of Good Wood for making furniture
Navigasi - Indeed, since ancient times, furniture made of wood has been very popular both from its appearance and from its strength, it is not surprising that household furniture, furniture, sports equipment, toys and even musical instruments made of wood have a high selling value.
|27 Kinds of Good Wood for making furniture|
Moreover, the price of wood is increasingly expensive in the market due to the scarcity of wood materials which are increasingly difficult to obtain, making some wood craftsmen use agricultural wood such as mango wood, jackfruit wood and others.
However, furniture made from agricultural wood is no less far from special wood for building or furniture, this is also supported by the skills of Indonesian furniture craftsmen whose quality of ability is indeed recognized by the world.
Types of wood that are often used as furniture
Therefore, it becomes an interesting thing for us to discuss the types of wood that are commonly used by our society to be converted into furniture such as cabinets, tables, chairs, couches and other furniture.
We have summarized from various sources what wood is commonly used as furniture which is as follows:
1. Acacia wood
Acacia wood is one of the woods favored by the people of Indonesia, especially due to the strength and style of the wood which is unique and pleasing to the eye.
Plus, acacia wood is also durable and long-lasting against erratic weather changes and is resistant to insect attacks.
The harvest period for acacia wood is also short, which only takes 6 years, you can harvest it, where at that age acacia wood has reached a diameter of 30 cm.
As for the drawbacks of acacia wood, acacia wood is easy to shrink and is also easy to bend so it requires special handling.
2. Sungkai Wood
Sungkai wood or often also called sebrang teak is one of the hard and strong woods with beautiful wood grain motifs and is resistant to weather, no wonder Sungkai wood is included in the ranks of level 2 quality wood.
In addition, the price of Sungkai wood is cheaper than teak which is very expensive. Sungkai wood can be used as an alternative to teak wood.
Sungkai wood is also easily shaped into several household items such as cabinets, tables, chairs, and others. Besides that, Sungkai wood can also be used as building materials such as frames, poles, bridges and so on. Besides that, cabinets or furniture made of Sungkai wood are very beautiful. this is due to the prominent wood grain making its natural appearance very suitable for making classic-style furniture.
The weakness of Sungkai wood itself is only one, namely Sungkai wood is not strong enough to be attacked by insects such as termites and others.
3. Pine Wood
Pine wood or also known as Dutch teak is quality wood with a soft and flexible texture so that it is not uncommon for several shipping companies to use their containers made of pine wood because it is resistant to shocks and pressure. European regions use pine wood for the manufacture of earthquake-resistant houses.
In addition, pine wood also has several advantages as below:
- easy to dry
- Has a unique color and wood grain pattern
- Including durable wood because it is resistant to insects and fungi.
- Easy to shape and move
- Short harvest time.
From the above advantages, some people really like pine wood to be used as furniture, especially the classic style, if it is made from pine wood.
While the drawback of pine wood itself is that furniture made from pine wood is easily scratched and also has a lot of knots so it requires a fairly complicated wood processing technique to cover it. The rest of the pine wood is recommended enough to be used as furniture.
4. African Wood
African wood is one of the woods that we can easily find in a straight elongated shape and also has a fairly high wood flexibility texture so that in its processing it does not require complicated carpentry techniques in the sense that it is quite easy to process.
In addition, the time period for harvesting it is also quite short, namely the age range of 6 - 7 years so the price is not too expensive in the market so it's no wonder we can find some household furniture and furniture made of African wood.
The slight disadvantage of this African wood is that it is caused by a lot of knots, even though the shape of the wood is straight without branches, besides the smell of African wood, some people don't like it and in drying it requires a little patience, the rest of the African wood is good for various kinds of wood processing.
5. Sengon wood
Sengon wood is wood that is very often used by our society because sengon wood is one of the agricultural woods that is widely cultivated by the community due to its short harvest time and its market share is quite wide so it is not confused to be traded and other than that sengon wood is a type of wood that is often used for plywood.
Some of our society also uses sengon wood to make furniture which is quite good, although we generally know that sengon wood itself is not durable enough if used for decades like other well-known types of wood, for example teak wood, but it is quite easy to use. apply as furniture.
Disadvantages of sengon wood, among others, sengon wood is easily weathered, easily affected by fungus and eaten by wood termites, and has a wood texture that is quite soft but not as strong as pine wood, so you have to use carpentry techniques in a more careful way in order to make it into furniture.
6. Teak wood
Teak wood itself is a grade one quality wood whose advantages are unquestionable which has a distinctive and beautiful wood style, the strength and durability of the wood is unquestionable, the surface of teak wood always looks naturally shiny due to the content of tectoquinone substances produced. naturally by teak wood.
In addition, teak wood is not easy to bend and is strong against termites and fungi on its surface, plus teak wood is resistant to weathering caused by extreme and humid weather changes. expensive.
The drawback of teak itself is that the painting process requires patience due to its oily surface so it requires special techniques in its application.
Mahogany wood or the scientific name swietenia mahagoni is a wood that is commonly used in making furniture with class 2 wood quality which is quite good, although it is still one level below teak wood.
Mahogany wood is also very good if we make classic-style furniture because the wood pattern is indeed beautiful in harmony with the color of the wood, a slightly red-brown color, a very beautiful combination, so that without the need for us to color, furniture made of mahogany will look elegant and luxurious.
What becomes a little weakness of mahogany is that we need a lot of wood processing so that mahogany wood can last a long time because mahogany is one of the woods that is not strong with weather changes, especially humid conditions, in other words mahogany is not good to function as a basic material that will placed outdoors (outdoor).
8. Nyatoh Wood
Nyatoh wood or often known as nagasari wood which thrives in Southeast Asia including Indonesia is often used for making boats, household furniture, frames, furniture, cabinets and furniture.
Nyatoh wood is wood that is resistant to insect attacks, especially termites, as well as teak, but the selling value of furniture made of Nyatoh wood is sometimes more expensive than teak itself.
This is because Nyatoh wood is one of the endangered woods, so its use requires a licensing process that takes quite a lot of time and money, so it is natural that Nyatoh wood has an expensive selling price.
9. Merbau Wood
Merbau Wood Or some regions call Merbau wood by the name of iron wood, which is a type of wood that is commonly used for the manufacture of furniture such as cabinets, couches, chairs and others.
Merbau wood itself has a high level of hardness and is durable (durable) besides that Merbau wood is also resistant to termite and fungal attacks so that it can be placed indoors or outdoors plus the price is more affordable when we compare it to the price of teak wood.
The weakness of Merbau wood lies in its wood processing because it requires greater energy and qualified wood processing techniques in the field of furniture making and wood processing.
10. Cedar Wood
Cedar wood (cedar wood) is one type of wood that is strong against fungus and insect attacks so that furniture made of cedar wood can be placed indoors or outdoors.
Cedar wood is also easy to process to make various furniture, this is caused by the soft and light texture of the wood, plus the distinctive wood pattern that makes cedar wood in great demand in the market.
This also makes it increasingly difficult for us to find furniture made of cedar wood and is one of the endangered woods, so it must require permission first.
11. Ramin Wood
Ramin wood is a strong wood group with 3rd level wood strength quality so that ramin wood can withstand a fairly heavy load. Therefore, it is not uncommon for people to use ramin wood for the manufacture of furniture such as cabinets, wooden shelves, chairs and others as the basic material.
Ramin wood has a soft texture that makes it easier for us to make furniture and make carvings, plus the clean wood pattern makes the appearance of carvings made from ramin wood more beautiful.
The drawback of ramin wood is that it is easily attacked by fungi and insects so that in order to be durable we have to process it a little longer using the latest wood preservation techniques.
12. Mindi Wood
Mindi wood is a type of wood with class 3 resistance, however Mindi wood is able to withstand insect and fungal attacks so that it can be placed indoors or outdoors.
In addition, Mindi wood is wood that is easy to shape and can be made into anything made from wood, besides Mindi wood is not easy to bend or change shape.
Mindi wood, although not rich, is threatened, but it is a type of wood that is difficult to obtain in Indonesia if the price is quite good.
13. Trembesi Wood
Trembesi Wood One of the woods that has prominent wood fibers so that it looks natural and very natural even though we don't paint it, it is suitable for making furniture such as chairs, cabinets and tables.
Even though Trembesi wood, when viewed from its quality, is still above sengon wood, this wood has a lot of drawbacks such as easy to break, easy to get fungus and termites eat, and also not strong enough to face humid weather because it is easily weathered.
However, the price of Trembesi wood is still quite economical and its shortcomings can still be overcome with advanced wood preservation techniques as it is now.
14. Forest Cempaka Wood
Forest Cempaka wood is different from Cempaka Wangi wood in that forest Cempaka wood is classified as hard wood with wood quality level II below one level of teak wood.
Cempaka forest wood has advantages in processing and manufacturing because it is not easy to split or break when making furniture.
The weakness of forest Cempaka wood is that the supply of raw materials is difficult to obtain.
15. Ebony Wood
Ebony wood has a distinctive and unique wood color and pattern, which is having a black color pattern on the wood grain, making it seem more exclusive and luxurious, while from the quality level, Ebony wood is included in the ranks of 1st quality wood.
And also Ebony wood is resistant to weathering so we can put it outdoors (outdoor) and indoors (indoor).
While the disadvantages of this wood are few, namely Ebony wood is quite difficult to obtain and to process it is quite difficult.
16. Sonokeling Wood
Sonokeling wood is a type of wood that is quite difficult, because rosewood is a bit rare due to excessive logging and the cultivation of rosewood wood which is still rare, plus the growing period of rosewood takes a very long time so that the price of rosewood is very expensive in the market.
In terms of the quality of rosewood wood, each ranks of quality wood are ranked 1, it is supported by the durability of rosewood wood which is strong against fungi and insects such as termites, plus the distinctive color pattern of rosewood wood fiber and looks luxurious.
17. Meranti Wood
Meranti wood is one of the woods that is commonly used as a basic material for furniture and the manufacture of various household furniture including furniture and frames.
This is because Meranti wood processing is not so complicated and fairly simple, plus Meranti wood is easy to dry and resistant to fungus and termite attacks.
The disadvantage of Meranti wood itself is that the surface of the wood is quite difficult to smooth and also the price of the wood is quite expensive when compared to other types of wood of rank 2.
18. Mango Wood
Mango wood is a type of agricultural plant that can be used for fruit and wood by us and has a high economic value.
Harvesting fruit and stems from mango wood does not take a long time, besides that the quality of the wood is quite good, it is included in the ranks of wood ranked 2, plus mango wood has a unique wood style and is easy to finish, so that mango wood is quite popular in our society.
The drawback itself lies in the difficulty of processing which is often exposed to blue stains.
19. Jackfruit Wood
Jackfruit wood is the same as mango wood where both types of commercial plants, both fruit and stems can be used for human needs.
Jackfruit wood itself if made into furniture is quite good because the wood fiber gives an exotic impression plus jackfruit wood is also resistant to termite and fungus attacks, not surprisingly, jackfruit wood is included in the ranks of quality wood ranked 2.
The drawback itself takes a long time until we can harvest it and make it furniture.
Ulin wood is quite rare and for now we can only find it in sentences, plus its use requires quite complicated permits.
As for the quality of ironwood, it is considered to be better than teak which is included in the ranks of number one wood, this is also because ironwood is resistant to all conditions, be it rain, heat, insects, fungi and termites, and is even resistant to water.
The only drawback is that it is difficult to process it, it requires good wood processing techniques and the price of furniture from Ulin wood is very expensive.
Bamboo plants are also often used by some people, especially in the Sunda area to make various furniture such as chairs, tables, cabinets and so on with an exotic appearance.
The price of bamboo is relatively cheap and easy to obtain, besides that the high level of flexibility of bamboo makes it easy to form into various household items.
The only weakness is that there are very few people who are able to process bamboo plants into various furniture. Technically speaking, there are rarely anyone who can.
22. Gelam Wood
Gelam wood is a type of water wood whose size can be said to be smaller than the size of the type of wood that is commonly used as furniture, so it is widely used for making chairs and tables.
Gelam wood is a fairly good wood because of its fairly good resistance to fungi, termites and even water.
The drawback itself is that it is difficult to obtain and cultivate, plus the large size of the wood can be said to no longer exist.
23. Coconut Wood
Coconut is a plant whose all parts can be utilized by humans from the leaves, fruit and stems of the coconut tree.
Some people use coconut tree trunks for building houses, but not infrequently some people make pretty good furniture because coconut wood furniture is usually resistant to fungi and termites and has a unique wood grain pattern.
The disadvantage of coconut wood is that it rots easily so it is not suitable for placing outdoors.
24. Pula Wood
Pulai wood is a rank 3 quality wood that is often used as plywood and Pulai wood furniture is a type of wood that is easy to dry and easy to make into various necessities.
Pulai wood is one that is difficult to find on the market, plus it is susceptible to fungus and termites.
25. Purple Heart Wood
Purple Heart wood is one of the most expensive woods in the world, which per cubic meter costs $300 if it is IDR 5,000,000 in terms of purple heart wood quality, including number 1 wood.
This is due to the scarcity of purple heart wood and also the purplish-blue color of the wood which makes this wood very exclusive, besides that purple hear wood is resistant to termites and fungi and can be placed outdoors.
Purple Heart wood is a wood that is difficult to process and takes a long time to dry.
26. Kruing wood
Kruing wood is often used as the basic material for making paper and plywood, but not infrequently some people use it to make furniture.
Kruing wood is wood that is resistant to termites and fungi and is included in the ranks of 2nd quality wood.
The disadvantage of kruing wood is that kruing wood is difficult to manufacture, requiring extra technique and energy.
27. Yellow balau wood
Yellow balau wood or often known as bengkirai wood is a type of hard wood that is often used for furniture.
Bengkirai wood is not only used as a building material for residential houses, but Bengkirai wood can also be used as various home furnishings such as furniture and others.
Bengkirai wood which has a durability level of 1 to 2 makes bengkirai wood almost equivalent to teak, no wonder some plywood processing companies use bengkirai wood as the main material for making decking.
In addition, in the past, several countries used bengkirai wood as a railroad sleeper in terms of strength and durability of bengkirai wood, there was no need to doubt it.
Those are 27 types of wood that are often and good for us to make as furniture, hopefully it will be useful and thank you for visiting.