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The selection of the type of wood for building construction

Navigasi - The selection of the type of wood for building construction cannot be done randomly. Because the aspect that is threatened if we carelessly choose is not only a loss of cost, but also a loss in terms of safety.

The selection of the type of wood for building construction
The selection of the type of wood for building construction

Wood is a material that has a long history in human life. This material has long been known as a raw material for the manufacture of the things we use. One of the most striking uses of wood is as a construction material or building material. Although currently wood has been substituted by various other materials such as mild steel, wood still has many enthusiasts. How come? Besides being reliable, wood is able to create a more beautiful and beautiful building atmosphere.

However, in the selection of wood for this purpose, care must be taken. Because as a construction material, wood also plays a role in the safety of building users themselves. Determination of the type of wood for building materials must at least be done by taking into account several criteria.

Important Aspects of Choosing Wood for Building Construction


The criteria in question, for example, are strength. The strength aspect is related to the ability of the material to withstand loads. This aspect is of course very important because as a building material, wood must also be able to withstand a certain load.


Some people may think that beauty is not an important aspect to consider when choosing wood for building construction. In some ways, this opinion is true. But for visible construction, beauty is an aspect that cannot be ignored. After all, after all, one of the reasons we use wood as a building element is because of its beauty. What happens if we choose wood for building construction but instead make the building look ugly? In fact, the use of wood should be able to make the room and facade more ethnic, traditional, or natural.


Wood stability refers to the ease with which wood expands and contracts. The more stable the wood, the less likely it will be to develop shrinkage. Shrinkage is influenced by various factors such as temperature and humidity. When wood for building construction quickly expands and shrinks, the safety of building users can be at stake.

Availability and Sustainability

The availability of wood, even though it is not a technical factor like the others, must still be pursued. Choose wood whose supply is available and comes from trees that are not endangered. Also try to use wood that is not from illegal logging activities.


Another aspect that we can rely on is the aspect of durability. The durability aspect indicates how resistant the wood is to its destructive factors, especially from the biotic group. Why biotic? Because as an organic material, wood is more susceptible to pests such as fungi and insects than inorganic materials such as plastic. The threat of wood pests itself can come from some examples of insects and fungi below:


teter beetle is an insect whose larvae live in wood. The larvae will eat the wood on the inside so that the damage caused will only be known after severe damage is done. The characteristics of this pest attack vary, but among the sure signs are the presence of holes in the wood, a louder sound when the wood is knocked, and the appearance of fine powdery debris.


Termites are colony insects that are closely related to cockroaches. In contrast to totors, insect attacks are generally more massive because they are carried out together. Characteristics of infection can be characterized by the appearance of mounds on the surface of the wood.


Lice or bugs generally attack natural fibers such as water hyacinth and rattan. But not infrequently also some lice are found damaging the wood.

Other Insects

In addition to the three insects above, there are many other insects that often damage various types of wood for building construction. Call it ants to wood boring beetles of a more specific type.

Stain and Surface Fungus

Mold can also cause damage to wood. The threat of mold itself can be divided into two, the first is the threat from stain fungus and the second is the threat from surface fungus. Mushrooms are microscopic in size and the stain cannot be removed, while the surface fungus is macroscopic in size and at the beginning of its appearance can still be removed by simply wiping.

Examples of Types of Wood for Good Building Construction

So what kind of wood is good for building materials? The answer is actually very much, but the following examples you can rely on:


The name of teak is certainly familiar to our ears. Teak or teak has very good quality as a construction material because it is durable, strong, easy to process, and has a beautiful visual appearance.


Merbau wood is not as durable as teak. If teak is included in durable class I, merbau is only included in class I and II. However, this wood is still good for building construction. In addition, this wood also has a unique fiber that is broken, making it attractive.


Acacia wood is also not as durable and strong as teak. However, this wood has many fans because the price is more affordable.


Meranti is a type of wood for the construction of other buildings that are often used. This type of wood is also commonly used in the plywood industry.


This uniqueness is natural because glugu is wood from monocotyledonous plants which is different from other woods which are mostly from dicotyledonous plants. Glugu itself is quite durable and has a charming visual appearance.