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What are the advantages and disadvantages of rattan furniture ?

Navigasi - Rattan is one of the plants that grows in Southeast Asia, especially Indonesia, which is often used to make various household furniture, including furniture.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of rattan furniture ?
What are the advantages and disadvantages of rattan furniture ?

Rattan has various advantages that make rattan much in demand by all the people of the world because it is very classic and traditional impression which is certainly very exotic if used as furniture to decorate your home room.

About rattan

Rattan is a group of palms from the Calameae tribe (tribus) that have climbing habits, especially Calamus, Daemonorops, and Oncocalamus. The Calameae tribe itself consists of about six hundred members, with distribution areas in tropical Africa, Asia and Australasia. This clan includes the Salacca clans (eg salak), Metroxylon (eg sago palm), and Pigafetta which do not climb, and are not traditionally classified as rattan plants.

Rattan stems are usually slender with a diameter of 2–5 cm, long, not hollow, and many are protected by long, hard, and sharp spines. These spines function as a means of self-defense from herbivores, as well as help climbing, because rattan is not equipped with tendrils. A rattan stick can reach hundreds of meters in length. Rattan sticks release water when cut and can be used as a way of survival in the wild. The Javan rhinoceros is also known to make rattan as one of its menus.

Most of the rattan comes from forests in Indonesia, such as Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, and Nusa Tenggara. Indonesia supplies 70% of the world's rattan needs. The rest of the market is filled from Malaysia, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh.

Rattan is fast growing and relatively easy to harvest and transport. This is considered to help preserve the forest, because people prefer to harvest rattan than wood.

use of rattan

Rattan which is commonly used in industry is not too much. Some of the most commonly traded are Manau, Batang, Tohiti, Mandola, Tabu-Tabu, Suti, Sega, Lambang, Blubuk, Java, Bitter, Kubu, Track, Slimit, Cacing, Semambu, and Pulut. After being cleaned of thorny midribs, raw rattan must be treated for preservation and protected from Blue Stain fungus. Broadly speaking, there are two processes for processing rattan raw materials: cooking with kerosene for medium/large rattan and smoking with sulfur for small rattan.

Furthermore, rattan can be processed into various kinds of raw materials, for example made of Peel/Sanded Peel, polished/semi-polished, made of core, fitrite or star core. The center for the largest rattan handicraft and furniture industry in Indonesia is located in Cirebon.

The main use of rattan (sp. Daemonorops Draco) is as a raw material for furniture, such as chairs, guest tables, and bookshelves. Rattan has several advantages over wood, such as light, strong, elastic / easy to shape, and cheap. The main weakness of rattan is that it is easy to get "Pin Hole" powder fleas.

Rattan rods can also be made as walking sticks and weapons. Various martial arts colleges teach how to fight using rattan sticks. In some places in Southeast Asia, rattan is used as a bat in rattan caning punishments for certain criminal acts.

Some rattans secrete sap (resin) from the flower stalks. This sap is red in color and is known commercially as dragon's blood. This resin is used to color the violin or as meni.

The Dayak people in Central Kalimantan use young rattan stalks as a vegetable component.

Rattan advantages and disadvantages

As with other furniture materials, rattan also has several advantages and disadvantages, which we have summarized from various sources, which are as follows:

Advantages of Rattan

Rattan has several advantages other than those we mentioned at the beginning of the opening of this article which we will describe for you as below:


Furniture made of rattan, be it tables, chairs, cabinets and others usually has a high enough durability to withstand heavy loads because the flexibility of the rattan itself is no wonder many craftsmen make it as beds, sofas, chairs and other furniture used. to support heavy loads.

In addition, rattan is also one of the furniture materials that is strong enough for all weather conditions, be it rain, heat and other extreme weather conditions, this makes rattan an alternative furniture material that is suitable for outdoor placement.

Easy to move

Furniture made of rattan usually has a light weight so that it is not difficult to arrange the layout.

For those of you who like to arrange the layout of the room, using furniture made of rattan is the right choice and also for the data that the resistance of rattan itself is quite high.

Easy to cultivate

Rattan plants are currently agricultural crops because many people have cultivated them into agricultural commodities, so for those of you who have a furniture business, you don't need to make difficult and complicated permits.

For the harvest period, it is not long like wood which takes 5 to tens of years for us to harvest it, in other words, rattan is an environmentally friendly plant to be used as furniture.

Good bending power

As we have mentioned in the points above, rattan has the flexibility that it can withstand a fairly heavy load and also the flexibility of the rattan is a certain advantage for us to shape it into various furniture.

So that furniture craftsmen are not too difficult to make various furniture such as chairs, tables, cabinets, beds and others.

Easy to maintain

Caring for furniture made of rattan is not difficult because we only need to use a cloth or brush to clean the surface.

And occasionally use a brush to clean it from dust and don't forget to clean between the furniture made of rattan.

Suitable for both indoor and outdoor

Rattan is a material that has high durability and is strong in various weathers so that it can be used for outdoor and indoor.

In addition, the classic and exotic impression makes it able to maximize the natural appearance of the rattan furniture.

Cheaper price

Furniture made of rattan has a relatively cheaper price because rattan is easy to cultivate and easier to shape into various kinds of furniture.

In contrast to furniture made of wood, which takes a long time to harvest, the selling price is definitely more expensive.

Disadvantages of Rattan

It is common if something has advantages, there must be disadvantages as well, which we have summarized from various sources which are as follows:

Not comfortable to wear

If you make a chair from rattan, the hard fiber makes us uncomfortable when we sit on it, especially if the chair is old, so we need to provide a comfortable cushion to serve as a seat made from rattan.

Those are some things about furniture made from rattan, hopefully it will be useful and thank you for visiting our blog.