Informants and Informant Selection Techniques in Qualitative Research - Navigasi Berita a -->
Skip to content Skip to sidebar Skip to footer

Informants and Informant Selection Techniques in Qualitative Research

Navigasi - There are still many students who have the wrong perception of the steps in qualitative research, they think that in qualitative research a population and sampling technique are needed, but that is not the case. In this type of research the population and sample are converted into informants and informant selection techniques.

Informants and Informant Selection Techniques in Qualitative Research
Informants and Informant Selection Techniques in Qualitative Research


Informants literally mean people who provide information, therefore in qualitative research where the main data is obtained from in-depth interviews, this informant's existence is very much needed.

Informants are also interpreted as people or actors who really know and master the problem, and are directly involved with the research problem. By using qualitative research methods, researchers are closely related to contextual factors, so in this case the information needed by researchers can be obtained from an informant who knows very well the problems related to research.

For example, if your research takes the title "The Problem of Attendance at SMA NU Indramayu" then what you need to make an informant is the person holding the attendance of all students in that high school, namely the homeroom teacher of each class. So there is no need for us to ask the problem to students or teachers who do not really know carefully about student attendance.

Informant Selection Technique


As mentioned a little earlier, the selection of informants as data sources requires a method. The method or technique of selecting informants commonly used in qualitative research is based on the principle of subjects who master the problem, have data, and are willing to provide complete and accurate information. Informants who act as sources of data and information must meet the requirements.

Qualitative research does not question the number of informants, but can depend on whether or not the selection of key informants is appropriate, and the complexity of the diversity of social phenomena studied. Thus, the informants were determined by the snowball sampling technique, which is the process of determining the informants based on previous informants without determining the exact number by digging up information related to the required research topic. The search for informants will be stopped after the research information is deemed sufficient.

In the case above, if we only want to know or research about "The Problem of Attendance at SMA NU Indramayu", the informant is sufficient for the homeroom of each class, because the homeroom teacher is basically someone who knows very well about the ins and outs of student attendance problems.
close