Types of wood used for furniture
Navigasi - Indeed, since the first furniture made of wood has been loved both from its appearance and from its strength, it is not surprising that household furniture, furniture, sports equipment, toys and even musical instruments made of wood have a high selling value.
Moreover, the price of wood which is increasingly expensive in the market is due to the scarcity of wood materials which are increasingly difficult to obtain, making some wood craftsmen use agricultural wood such as mango wood, jackfruit wood and others.
However, furniture made from agricultural wood is no less far from special wood for building or furniture, this is also supported by the skills of Indonesian furniture craftsmen whose quality of ability is indeed recognized by the world.
Types of wood that are often used as furniture
Therefore, it becomes an interesting thing for us to discuss the types of wood that are commonly used by our society to be converted into furniture such as cabinets, tables, chairs, couches and other furniture.
We have summarized from various sources what wood is commonly used as furniture which is as follows:
1. Acacia wood
Acacia wood is one of the woods favored by the people of Indonesia, especially due to the strength and style of the wood which is unique and pleasing to the eye.
Plus, acacia wood is also durable and long-lasting against erratic weather changes and is resistant to insect attacks.
The harvest period of acacia wood is also short, which only takes 6 years, you can harvest it, where at that age acacia wood has reached a diameter of 30 cm.
As for the shortcomings of acacia wood, acacia wood is easy to shrink and is also easy to bend so it requires special handling.
2. Sungkai Wood
Sungkai wood or often also called sebrang teak is one of the hard and strong woods with beautiful wood grain motifs and is resistant to weather, no wonder Sungkai wood is included in the ranks of level 2 quality wood.
In addition, the price of Sungkai wood is cheaper than teak which is very expensive. Sungkai wood can be used as an alternative to teak wood.
Sungkai wood is also easily shaped into several household items such as cabinets, tables, chairs, and others. Besides that, Sungkai wood can also be used as building materials such as frames, poles, bridges and so on. Besides that, cabinets or furniture made of Sungkai wood are very beautiful. This is due to the prominent wood grain making its natural appearance very suitable for making classic-style furniture.
The weakness of Sungkai wood itself is only one, namely Sungkai wood is not strong enough to be attacked by insects such as termites and others.
3. Pine Wood
Pine wood or also known as Dutch teak wood is a quality wood with a soft and flexible texture so it is not uncommon for some shipping companies to use their containers made of pine wood because it is resistant to shocks and also pressure.
In addition, pine wood also has several advantages such as the following:
Easy to dry
Has a unique color and pattern of wood fibers
Including wood that is durable because it is resistant to insects and fungi.
Easy to shape and move
Short harvest time.
From the above advantages make some people really like Pine wood to be used as furniture, especially classic style is very much in if made from Pine wood.
While the shortcomings of Pine wood itself is furniture made from pine wood is easily scratched and also many wooden eyes so that it requires wood processing techniques that are complicated enough to cover it weakness that the rest of pine wood is quite a recommendation to be applied into furniture.
4. African Wood
African wood is one of the wood that we can easily find in an elongated straight shape and also has a high enough wood flexibility texture so that in its processing does not require complicated carpentry techniques in the sense that it is quite easy to process.
In addition, the time period to harvest it is also quite short, namely the age range of 6-7 years so that the price is not too expensive in the market so it is not surprising we can find some household furniture and furniture made of African wood.
A little disadvantage of African wood is due to the eyes of many wood even though the shape of the wood is straight without branches besides the aroma of African wood some people do not like it and in drying it requires a little patience the rest of african wood is good to make into a variety of wood processed.
5. Sengon Wood
Sengon wood is a wood that is very often used by our community because sengon wood is one of the agricultural wood that is widely cultivated by the community because of its short harvest time and market share is wide enough so it is not confused to buy and sell besides that sengon wood is a type of wood that is often used for plywood materials.
Some of our people there are also those who use zincon wood to be made furniture that is quite good even though it is common we know that the sanya sengon wood itself is not durable enough if used for decades like other famous types of wood such as teak wood but quite quite can be applied as furniture.
The lack of zincon wood, among others, sengon wood is easily weathered, easily exposed to mold and consumed by wood termites, and has a fairly soft wood texture but not as strong as pine wood so must use carpentry techniques in a more careful way in order to become a furniture.
6. Teak Wood
Teak wood itself is a class of quality wood rank one whose advantages are no doubt which has a distinctive and beautiful wood pattern, strength and durability of wood that is undoubtedly, the surface of teak wood always looks shiny naturally because of the content of tectoquinone substances produced naturally by teak wood.
In addition, teak wood is not easily curved and strong against termites and fungi on its surface plus teak wood is resistant to weathering caused by extreme and humid weather changes from its various advantages so it is not surprising that furniture made from processed teak wood has a high selling price.
The lack of teak wood itself is that the painting process requires patience because the surface is oily so that it requires special techniques in its application.
7. Mahogany Wood
Mahogany wood or the scientific name swietenia mahagoni is a wood commonly used in making furniture with class 2 wood quality which is quite good, although it is still one level below teak wood.
Mahogany wood is also very good if we make classic-style furniture because the wood pattern is indeed beautiful in harmony with the color of the wood a little red-brown, a very good combination so that without the need for us to color, furniture made of mahogany will look elegant and luxurious.
What becomes a little weakness of mahogany is that we need a lot of wood processing so that mahogany wood can last a long time because mahogany is one of the woods that is not strong with weather changes, especially humid conditions in other words mahogany wood is not good to function as a basic material that will placed outdoors (outdoor).
8. Nyatoh Wood
Nyatoh wood or often known as nagasari wood which thrives in Southeast Asia including Indonesia is often used for making boats, household furniture, frames, furniture, cabinets and furniture.
Nyatoh wood is wood that is resistant to insect attacks, especially termites, as well as teak, but the selling value of furniture made of Nyatoh wood is sometimes more expensive than teak itself.
This is because Nyatoh wood is one of the endangered woods, so its use requires a licensing process that takes quite a lot of time and money, so it is natural that Nyatoh wood has an expensive selling price.
9. Merbau Wood
Merbau Wood Or some regions call Merbau wood by the name of iron wood is a type of wood that is commonly used for the manufacture of furniture such as cabinets, cots, chairs and others.
Merbau wood itself has a high level of hardness and is durable (durable) besides that Merbau wood is also resistant to termite and fungal attacks so that it can be placed indoors or outdoors plus the price is more affordable when we compare it to the price of teak wood.
The weakness of Merbau wood lies in its wood processing because it requires more energy and qualified wood processing techniques in the field of furniture making and wood processing.
10. Cedar Wood
Cedar wood (cedar wood) is one type of wood that is strong against fungal and insect attacks so that furniture made of cedar wood can be placed indoors or outdoors.
Cedar wood is also easy to process to make various furniture, this is caused by the soft and light texture of the wood, plus the distinctive wood pattern that makes cedar wood in high demand in the market.
This also makes it increasingly difficult for us to find furniture made of cedar wood and is one of the endangered woods, so it must require permission first.
11. Ramin Wood
Ramin wood is a strong wood group with the quality of wood strength level 3 so that ramin wood can withstand a fairly heavy load. Therefore, it is not uncommon for people to use ramin wood for the manufacture of furniture such as cabinets, wooden shelves, chairs and others as the basic material.
Ramin wood has a soft texture that makes it easier for us to make furniture and make carvings, plus the clean wood pattern makes the appearance of carvings made from ramin wood more beautiful.
The drawback of ramin wood is that it is easily attacked by fungi and insects so that in order to be durable we have to process it a little longer using the latest wood preservation techniques.
12. Mindi Wood
Mindi wood is a type of wood with class 3 resistance, however Mindi wood is able to withstand insect and fungal attacks so that it can be placed indoors or outdoors.
In addition, Mindi wood is wood that is easy to shape and can be made into anything made from wood, besides Mindi wood is not easy to bend or change shape.
Mindi wood, although not rich, is threatened, but it is a type of wood that is difficult to obtain in Indonesia if the price is quite decent.
13. Trembesi Wood
Trembesi Wood One of the woods that has prominent wood fibers so that it looks natural and very natural even though we don't paint it, it is suitable for making furniture such as chairs, cabinets and tables.
Even though Trembesi wood, when viewed from the quality, is still above sengon wood, this wood has many shortcomings, such as easy to break, easy to get moldy and eaten by termites, and also not strong enough to face humid weather because it is easily weathered.
However, the price of Trembesi wood is still quite economical and its shortcomings can still be overcome with advanced wood preservation techniques as it is now.
14. Forest Cempaka Wood
Forest Cempaka wood is different from Cempaka Wangi wood which is Cempaka Hutan wood included in hardwood with wood quality level II below one level of teak wood.
Cempaka forest wood has advantages in processing and manufacturing because it is not easy to split or break when making furniture.
The weakness of forest Cempaka wood is that the supply of raw materials is difficult to obtain.
15. Ebony Wood
Ebony wood has a distinctive and unique wood color and pattern, which is having a black color pattern on the wood grain, making it seem more exclusive and luxurious, while from the level of quality, Ebony wood is included in the ranks of 1st quality wood.
And also Ebony wood is resistant to weathering so that we can put it outdoors (outdoor) and indoors (indoor).
While the disadvantages of this wood are few, namely Ebony wood is quite difficult to obtain and to process it is quite difficult.
16. Sonokeling Wood
Sonokeling wood is a wood that is quite difficult, we can because it is a bit rare due to excessive logging and the cultivation of rosewood wood which is still rare, plus the growing period of rosewood takes a very long time so that the price of rosewood is very expensive in the market.
In terms of the quality of rosewood wood, each of the ranks of 1st grade quality wood is supported by the strong durability of rosewood wood against fungi and insects such as termites plus the distinctive and luxurious feel of rosewood wood grain colors.
17. Meranti Wood
Meranti wood is one of the woods that is commonly used to be the basic material for furniture and the manufacture of various household furniture including furniture and frames.
This is because the processing of Meranti wood is not so complicated and fairly simple, plus Meranti wood is easy to dry and resistant to fungus and termite attacks.
The disadvantage of Meranti wood itself is that the surface of the wood is quite difficult to smooth and also the price of the wood is quite expensive when compared to other types of wood ranked 2.
18. Mango Wood
Mango wood is a type of agricultural plant that can be used for fruit and wood by us and has high economic value.
To harvest fruit and stems from mango wood, it does not take long, besides that the quality of the wood is quite good, it is included in the ranks of wood ranked 2, plus mango wood has a unique wood pattern and is easy to finish, so that mango wood is quite popular in our society.
The drawback itself lies in the difficulty of processing which is often exposed to blue stains.
19. Jackfruit Wood
Jackfruit wood is the same as mango wood where both types of commercial plants, both fruit and stems can be used for human needs.
Jackfruit wood itself if made into furniture is quite good because the wood fiber gives an exotic impression plus jackfruit wood is also resistant to termites and fungus attacks, it's not strange to make jackfruit wood into the ranks of quality wood ranked 2.
The drawback itself takes a long time until we can harvest it and make it furniture.
Ulin wood is quite rare and for now we can only find it in sentences, plus its use requires quite complicated permits.
As for the quality of ironwood, it is considered to be better than teak which is included in the ranks of number one wood, this is also because ironwood is resistant to all conditions, including rain, heat, insects, fungi and termites, and is even resistant to water.
The only drawback is that it is difficult to process it, it requires good wood processing techniques and the price of furniture from Ulin wood is very expensive.
Bamboo plants are also often used by some people, especially in the Sunda area to make various furniture such as chairs, tables, cabinets and so on with an exotic look.
The price of bamboo is relatively cheap and easy to obtain, besides that the high level of flexibility of bamboo makes it easy to shape into various household items.
The only drawback is that there are very few people who are able to process bamboo plants into various furniture. Technically speaking, there are rarely anyone who can.
22. Gelam Wood
Gelam wood is a type of aquatic wood whose size can be said to be smaller than the size of the type of wood that is commonly used as furniture, so it is widely used for the manufacture of chairs and tables.
Gelam wood is a fairly good wood because of its fairly good resistance to fungi, termites and even water.
The drawback itself is that it is difficult to obtain and cultivate, plus for the large size of the wood, it can be said that it no longer exists.
23. Coconut Wood
Coconut is a plant whose all parts can be utilized by humans from the leaves, fruit and stems of coconut trees.
Some people use coconut tree trunks for building houses, but not infrequently some people make it pretty good furniture because coconut wood furniture is usually resistant to fungi and termites and has a unique wood grain pattern.
The drawback of coconut wood is that it rots easily so it is not suitable for placing outdoors.
24. Pula Wood
Pulai wood is a rank 3 quality wood that is often used as plywood and Pulai wood furniture is a type of wood that is easy to dry and easy to make into various necessities.
Pulai wood is one that is difficult to find on the market, plus it is easily attacked by fungi and termites.
25. Purple Heart Wood
Purple Heart wood is one of the most expensive woods in the world, which per cubic meter costs $300 if you convert it to IDR 5,000,000 in terms of purple heart wood quality, including number 1 wood.
This is due to the scarcity of purple heart wood and also the purplish-blue color of the wood which makes this wood very exclusive, besides that purple hear wood is resistant to termites and fungi and can be placed outdoors.
Purple Heart wood is a wood that is difficult to process and takes a long time to dry.
26. Wood kruing
Kruing wood is often used as the basic material for making paper and plywood, but not infrequently some people use it to make furniture.
Kruing wood is wood that is resistant to termites and fungi and is included in the ranks of 2nd quality wood.
The disadvantage of kruing wood is that kruing wood is difficult to manufacture, it requires extra technique and energy.
27. Yellow balau wood
Yellow balau wood or often known as bengkirai wood is a type of hard wood that is often used for furniture.
Bengkirai wood is not only used as a building material for residential houses, but Bengkirai wood can also be used as a variety of home furnishings such as furniture and others.
Bengkirai wood which has a durability level of 1 to 2 makes bengkirai wood almost equivalent to teak, no wonder some plywood processing companies make bengkirai wood as the main material for making decking.
In addition, in the past several countries made bengkirai wood into railroad sleepers, in terms of the strength and durability of bengkirai wood, there is no need to doubt it. Those are 27 types of wood that we often use as furniture, hopefully it will be useful and thank you for visiting.