Benefits and facts of Suren Wood
Kistang - Surian wood or suren (Toona sureni) is a type of wood from the Meliaceae family that has high economic value. Suren wood is popular with the public as boards in housing, plywood, furniture, cigar boxes, containers, handicrafts and interiors.
Another advantage of suren wood is its texture which is not easy to rot or be eaten by termites. The wood is white and slightly reddish. Smooth, beautifully veined and longitudinally streaked, making the texture exotic.
The suren tree can grow up to 60 meters with a diameter of about 1 and even 4 meters. This tree grows very fast and is often found on the islands of Java, Sumatra and Bali. In Malaysia it is called Surian Wangi, in Thailand it is called Surian, while in the Philippines it is called Danupra.
Suren wood is easy to shape and sand, punch square holes or turn. The bark of suren is gray-brown to dark brown. The suren tree is easy to grow only with adequate light intake, so it can be developed freely in open ground.
Apart from that, there are 5 other interesting facts about suren wood that are also interesting to know.
The leaves are not eaten by livestock
Just to note, suren tree leaves are not eaten by livestock, so this tree is safe from disturbance. Free to plant anywhere, including in areas where livestock roam. There are even studies that say that if there are livestock or animals that eat suren leaves, the animal will get drunk.
The bark of the suren tree is very unique in that it looks cracked and seems to overlap. It is whitish brown in color, pale gray in color and gives off a distinctive aroma when cut. The wood is light and the wooden terrace is brown so it is very antique for furniture or crafts.
The bark and roots can be medicine
Many people use the bark and roots of the suren tree as a medicinal herb to treat diarrhea. While the skin of the fruit can also be used as an essential oil. The fragrant bark is also widely used as a mixture of fever and dysentery drugs.
While the leaf extract is widely used as an antibiotic and bio-insecticide. There are also those who use the bark and fruit for the manufacture of essential (aromatic) oils.
Mosquito and insect repellent
Based on research, suren wood contains surenon and surenolactone ingredients that function as insect larvae inhibitors. These ingredients are also proven to repel insects and mosquitoes.
Because of the tree's towering and upright posture, the suren tree is usually also used as a windbreak. Suren is commonly found in tea plantations and is also suitable for planting on the side of the road.